Real-Time System: Fire and Smoking Control System (Case Study) Muhammed Ali Suliman Mesleh, Mohammed Ashraf Zoghoul Computer Engineering Department, Al-Balqa Applied University Amman,Jordan. Abstract— A real-time system is software where the correct functioning of the system  depends on the results produced by the system and the time at which these results  are produced. The main objective of this study is to show the importance of real-time  system as an application that uses computer system in the human life. Since it helps  to control vital and dangerous aspects, that otherwise can not be controlled.  The motivation for this study is to avoid fire occurrence and smoking habits in certain  places.   Since by using this system the place and time of event can be determined in short  period. For that reason, the need for using real-system raised. Keywords- Real time system; Fire and Smoking Control System; Very High Speed  Integrated Description Language (VHDL). Framework Environment for Understanding Object Oriented Techniques Hamed J. Al-Fawareh  Faculty of Science and Information Technology Zarqa University Zarqa, Jordan. Abstract— Source code analysis does not provide enough information for the program  understanding activities. Understanding object oriented software systems during  software maintenance are difficult and take a considerable amount of time and cost.  In software maintenance perspective reverse engineering process extracts information to provide visibility of the object oriented components and relations in the software  that are essential for maintainers. Various tools have been developed to help  maintainers undergo this process. One such tool is reverse engineering object  Oriented program tool. In this paper, we provide a framework environment for object  oriented programs. The framework focuses on the technical side of maintaining  object-oriented program. This paper will discuss the development of the tool and  highlight a scenario to show the viability of the tool by providing querying and  browsing facilities. Keywords - Software Maintenance, Reverse Engineering, Object Oriented. Kriging Interpolation Filter to Reduce High Density Salt and Pepper Noise Firas Ajil Jassim Management Information System Department, Irbid National University, Jordan. Abstract—Image denoising is a critical issue in the field of digital image processing.  This paper proposes a novel Salt & Pepper noise suppression by developing a Kriging  Interpolation Filter (KIF) for image denoising. Gray-level images degraded with Salt &  Pepper noise have been considered. A sequential search for noise detection was made  using kk window size to determine non-noisy pixels only. The non-noisy pixels are  passed into Kriging interpolation method to predict their absent neighbor pixels that  were noisy pixels at the first phase. The utilization of Kriging interpolation filter  proves that it is very impressive to suppress high noise density. It has been found that Kriging Interpolation filter achieves noise reduction without loss of edges and detailed  information. Comparisons with existing algorithms are done using quality metrics like  PSNR and MSE to assess the proposed filter. Keywords- Image enhancement; image denoising; noise reduction; image restoration;  salt & pepper noise; kriging. S-Scrum: a Secure Methodology for Agile Development of Web Services Davoud Mougouei, Nor Fazlida Mohd Sani, Mohammad Moein Almasi Department of Information System, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia. Abstract—Widely used in development of web services, Scrum contributes to agile  service development, reducing the Time To Market (TTM) and increasing the profit to  service providers. Caring for dynamic requirement changes and incremental  development of web services are other advantages of employing Scrum for  development of web services. However there are several problems with this  methodology limiting its applicability to web service development. Scrum overlooks  precise documentation of development activities to increase the development speed.  Nonetheless this approach negatively affects the quality of the web services through  incorporating imprecision and lack of tractability into the development process. On  the other hand security as a quality attribute has always been one of the most  important concerns of the web service development. To care for security of the web  service we always need to incorporate security analysis and design into the  development life cycle.   Although there have been some attempts to care for analysis  activities within the Scrum iterations, it is not clear yet how to achieve this  automatically through the Scrum processes. On the other words careful engineering of  security into the overall system analysis and design is often neglected. In this paper  we propose a security-enhanced version of scrum i.e. Secure Scrum (S-Scrum) to  accommodate security analysis and design activities within the Scrum. We have  modified the scum process to care for security analysis and design through the  standard Scum processes. The validity of the proposed approach is verified through  formal modeling and description of the process steps. We propose a grammar for  formal description of Scum process model.   Keywords-Scrum; Web Service; Security; Automata. Exploring the Educational Benefits of Blogs to Help Non-Malay pupils in Malay Language Learning Nor Hasbiah Ubaidullah, Norhayati Mahadi, Lee Hooi Ching Computing Department, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia. Abstract— Language learning environment plays an important role in the acquisition of  students’ second language, and its imperative grows more and more crucial when  students learn another language (e.g., when non-Malay students are learning the  Malay language). Some students have been observed to be unmotivated and even less  willing to speak in the intended language due to prevailing learning environment they  are entrenched in. In view of this current learning milieu, educators should seek new,  novel learning environments that appeal to students, especially the non-Malay  students, in learning the Malay language. Blog is one of the alternatives that could be  tapped on as ‘blogging’ promotes the ‘authenticity’ sought by teachers to retain  students persistently in language learning, as well as to allow students to experience  diverse, rich cultures. Therefore, teachers should integrate blogs in their writing  classes in well-planned learning activities that would gradually improve pupils’ writing  skills, particularly the non-Malay students. Being a new concept as a learning tool in  Malaysia, blogs provide many new opportunities for teachers to explore their efficacy  in Malay language writing. Premised on this need, this paper discusses some of the  affordances of blog in supporting the second language teaching and learning,  especially in writing skills.  Keywords- blog; second language learning; non-Malay, Malay Language; writing skills;  learning platforms.